Hans Florian Zimmer
(German pronunciation: [hans floian tsm]; born 12 September 1957) is a German film composer and music producer.
He has composed music for over 100 films, including award winning film scores for The Lion King (1994), Crimson Tide (1995), The Thin Red Line (1998),
Gladiator (2000), The Last Samurai (2003), The Dark Knight (2008) and Inception (2010) and The Dark Knight Rises (2012)
Zimmer spent the early part of his career in the United Kingdom before moving to the United States. He is the head of the film music division at
DreamWorks studios and works with other composers through the company which he founded, Remote Control Productions.
Zimmer's works are notable for integrating electronic music sounds with traditional orchestral arrangements. He has received four Grammy Awards,
two Golden Globes, a Classical BRIT Award, and an Academy Award. He was also named on the list of Top 100 Living Geniuses, published by The Daily
Zimmer was born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. As a young child, he lived in Knigstein-Falkenstein, where he played the piano at home, but had piano
lessons only briefly as he disliked the discipline of formal lessons. He moved to London as a teenager, where he attended Hurtwood House school. In an
interview with Mashable in February 2013, he said of his parents "My mother was very musical, basically a musician, and my father was an engineer and
an inventor. So, I grew up modifying the piano, shall we say, which made my mother gasp in horror, and my father would think it was fantastic when I
would attach chainsaws and stuff like that to the piano because he thought it was an evolution in technology. In an interview with the German
television station ZDF in 2006, he commented: "My father died when I was just a child, and I escaped somehow into the music and music has been my best
Zimmer began his career playing keyboards and synthesizers in the 1970s, with the band Krakatoa. He worked with The Buggles, a New Wave band formed in
1977 with Trevor Horn, Geoff Downes, and Bruce Woolley. Zimmer can be seen briefly in The Buggles' music video for the 1979 song "Video Killed
the Radio Star".After working with The Buggles, he started to work for the Italian group Krisma, a New Wave band formed in 1976 with Maurizio Arcieri
and Christina Moser. He was a featured synthesist for Krisma’s third album, Cathode Mamma. He has also worked with the band Helden (with Warren Cann
from Ultravox).Both Zimmer (on keyboards) and Cann (on drums), were invited to be part of the Spanish group Mecano for a live performance in Segovia
(Spain) in 1984. Two songs from this concert were included in the "Mecano: En Concierto" album released in 1985 only in Spain. In 1980 Zimmer
co-produced a single, "History of the World, Part 1," with, and for, UK Punk band The Damned, which was also included on their 1980 LP release, "The
Black Album," and carried the description of his efforts as "Over-Produced by Hans Zimmer."
While living in London, Zimmer wrote advertising jingles for Air-Edel Associates. In the 1980s, Zimmer partnered with Stanley Myers, a prolific film
composer who wrote the scores for over sixty films. Zimmer and Myers co–founded the London–based Lillie Yard recording studio. Together, Myers and
Zimmer worked on fusing the traditional orchestral sound with electronic instruments. Some of the films on which Zimmer and Myers worked are
Moonlighting (1982), Success is the Best Revenge (1984), Insignificance (1985), and My Beautiful Launderette (1985). Zimmer's first solo score
was Terminal Exposure for director Nico Mastorakis in 1987, for which he also wrote the songs. Zimmer acted as score producer for the 1987 film The
Last Emperor, which won the Academy Award for Best Original Score.
One of Zimmer's most durable works from his time in the United Kingdom is the theme song for the television game show Going for Gold, which he
composed with Sandy McClelland in 1987. In an interview with the BBC, Zimmer said: "Going For Gold was a lot of fun. It's the sort of stuff you
do when you don't have a career yet. God, I just felt so lucky because this thing paid my rent for the longest time.